Russia skeptical about participating in lunar Gateway

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WASHINGTON — The head of Russia’s space agency said that the lunar Gateway, part of NASA’s Artemis lunar exploration program, is too “U.S.-centric” for it to participate in, even though the Gateway leverages the existing International Space Station partnership.

During a panel featuring the heads of seven space agencies at the International Astronautical Congress Oct. 12, Dmitry Rogozin, director general of Roscosmos, said it was unlikely that his agency would play a major role in the Gateway despite the planned participation of other ISS partners, including Canada, Europe and Japan.

“In our view, the lunar Gateway in its current form is too U.S.-centric, so to speak,” Rogozin said through an interpreter. “Russia is likely to refrain from participating in it on a large scale.”

During a later press conference, Rogozin elaborated on his issues with the Gateway. “The most important thing here would be to base this program on the principles of international cooperation which were used in order to fly the ISS program,” he said, such as collective decision-making among the station’s partners.

“If we could get back to considering making these principles as the foundation of the program, then Roscosmos could also consider its participation,” he said of the Gateway.

Rogozin’s comments about seeking to use the ISS as a model for the lunar Gateway are surprising since that is already NASA’s approach for developing it. NASA previously announced it would extend the existing intergovernmental agreement, or IGA, for the space station for the Gateway, even as it seeks a new set of agreements, called the Artemis Accords, for the broader Artemis program.

“The Gateway uses the intergovernmental agreement established for the International Space Station,” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in an interview after the conference session. “All of the protocols that exist on the International Space Station