Swachh Bharat Mission: From Behavior Change to Social Change


The Department of Science and Technology, Government of India serves as the nodal agency for all government led initiatives that create and strengthen the science and technology landscape in our country. The specific mandate is to advance science and technology pursuits and develop related human and institutional resources to foster excellence in these fields. The DST accordingly develops policies and implements programs to serve this important mandate that also delivers science and technology based societal benefits. These transformational changes are enabled through development models, stake-holder engagement, internal connectivity of programs, and coordination with several other departments within our country and institutions outside through bilateral and diverse frame-works.

The missions of the Government of India have added impetus to the initiatives of the DST. These include

• Make in India

• Start up India

Swachh Bharat

• Digital India programs

The DST partners the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) to empower national academic and R&D institutions across our country by installing a vast supercomputing network with more than 70 high-performance computing facilities.

This intervention serves the National Supercomputing Mission aimed to take India into the front ranks of Computing and Big-data Analysis. The mission was approved in March 2015 at a total cost of Rs. 4500 crore.

The collaboration in Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) project entails DST's partnership with the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to address such major societal and developmental needs as healthcare, information and communication technology, energy, sustainable habitat, nano technology, water resources and river systems, advanced materials, security and defense, and environment and climate change related mitigation and adaptation. A joint R&D initiative with Ministry of Railways focuses on fuel efficiency enhancement and emission control technologies, alternate fuels, fuel conservation in diesel traction etc.

Reversing Brain drain to Brain Gain:

An …