Fecal transplantation can restore the gut microbiota of C-section babies — ScienceDaily

The human gut contains a diverse ecosystem of microbes: mainly bacteria, as well as viruses and fungi, termed the gut microbiota. Recent years have shown that the gut microbiota have widespread effects on the overall functioning of the host’s body.

Normally infants receive gut bacteria from the mother at birth. Some of these maternal bacteria grow out in the infant as they aid the infant in digesting breast milk.

Birth by Cesarean section (C-section) has been shown to be especially detrimental to normal gut microbiota development. During birth by C-section infants are not exposed to maternal fecal microbes and this prevents the natural transfer of microbes from mother to baby.

In the recently reported study, researchers of mainly the University of Helsinki evaluated whether the disturbed intestinal microbiota development could be restored in term Cesarean section infants by postnatal, orally-delivered maternal fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). FMT has been successfully used in adults to normalize gut microbiota composition and cure diseases such as recurrent Clostridium difficile infections.

The results of the study are published in the scientific journal Cell.

“Birth by C-section is associated with an increased risk of many immune-related diseases, suggesting that the lack of maternal microbes in early life may have long-term consequences on the health of the child. This proof-of-concept study demonstrates that the intestinal microbiota of infants born by C-section can be postnatally restored by maternal FMT and provides further support for the natural transfer of gut microbiota from mother to infant,” says Willem M de Vos, Professor of Human Microbiomics who was a senior author on the study.

The procedure reduces risks that abnormal gut microbiota may confer

The researchers applied FMT immediately after birth by using the infants’ own mothers’ fecal samples. Because feces can contain dangerous pathogens, these were first carefully screened.

U.S. government appeals judge’s ruling to block WeChat app store ban

By David Shepardson

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. Justice Department on Friday said it was appealing a judge’s decision to block the government from barring Apple Inc <AAPL.O> and Alphabet Inc’s <GOOGL.O> Google from offering Chinese-owned messaging app WeChat for download in U.S. app stores.

The government said it was appealing the Sept. 19 preliminary junction issued by U.S. Magistrate Judge Laurel Beeler to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. The injunction blocked the U.S. Commerce Department order, which would also bar other U.S. transactions with Tencent Holding’s <0700.HK> WeChat, potentially making the app unusable in the United States.

A U.S. spokesman for Tencent did not immediately comment.

The Justice Department said earlier that Beeler’s order was in error and “permits the continued, unfettered use of WeChat, a mobile application that the Executive Branch has determined constitutes a threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States.”

Lawyers for the U.S. WeChat Users Alliance, the group behind the legal challenge to the WeChat ban, said on Friday the department “has still presented no compelling national security interest to justify such an unprecedented ban” and will oppose the effort.

The group noted Tencent tried to negotiate a settlement with the Commerce Department and offered a number of mitigation measures to address data security concerns.

Beeler said WeChat users “have shown serious questions going to the merits of the First Amendment claim.” The U.S. Constitution’s First Amendment guarantees freedom of speech.

WeChat has had an average of 19 million daily active users in the United States, analytics firms Apptopia said in early August. It is popular among Chinese students, Americans living in China and some Americans who have personal or business relationships in China.

WeChat is an all-in-one mobile app that combines services similar to Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram

Louisiana Tech vs BYU Live

Louisiana Tech vs BYU Live: Today enjoy the big Ncaa game between Louisiana Tech vs BYU 2020 live game online with your tv channel from here. Don’t miss this big Campbell vs Wake Forest Ncaa game live from the below.g

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Louisiana Tech vs BYU Live have a history of thriving as home underdogs in prime-time games on a national stage. They will get a chance to do so again when they make their franchise debut in Sin City against the New Orleans Saints on Monday Night Football. Kickoff from the brand-new Allegiant Stadium is set for 8:15 p.m. ET. Last year, the Raiders started their season in Oakland with a victory over the Denver Broncos on Monday Night Football as a home underdog, and later did the same in a Thursday night showdown against the Los Angeles Chargers.hdf

The Raiders won their Week 1 game against the Panthers thanks to a great performance by running back Josh Jacobs, who rushed for 93 yards and three touchdowns. But their defense looked vulnerable. Unless they tighten it up, they’ll have a tough time against New Orleans quarterback Drew Brees.

Meanwhile, the Saints’ defense is among the strongest in the league. They held the Tamba Bay to 3.3 yards last week and spoiled Tom Brady’s debut as a Buwefis out with an ankle injury, but New Orleans is still a tough team to beat. Who dat!j4ej

We’re ready for Monday Night Football’s Saints vs Raiders live, a key game in Week 2 of the 2020 NFL season. Both teams are at 1-0 after winning their opening games and are looking to build on that promising start.dfh

The Raiders will host at their shiny new stadium in Las Vegas, but with few fans in attendance due to the coronavirus pandemic. So, no, thewef

3 ways gaming phones excel: You don’t get this in an iPhone or Galaxy

“Why are gaming phones still a thing?” That’s what my colleague Michael Simon pondered after the recent releases of the Asus ROG Phone 3 and Lenovo Legion Phone Duel, and it’s a fair question to ask.

When the Razer Phone created the “gaming phone” market in 2017, it rolled out with unique features rarely—if ever—seen in smartphones: a high refresh rate screen, binned processors, copper vapor chambers, and in-your-face “gamer” aesthetics. But in the years since, many of those “gaming” features have trickled down to mainstream phones like the Samsung Galaxy and various OnePlus models. Again: Why are gaming phones still a thing?

Asus ROG Phone 3 Adam Patrick Murray/IDG

Asus ROG Phone 3 and it’s ROG UI

Don’t be fooled: Despite the mainstream adoption of some of their features, these fire-breathing, enthusiast-focused devices continue to innovate. As someone who covered many of the most popular gaming phones, there are three key features (beyond their raw power) that help phones like the Asus ROG Phone 3 and Lenovo Legion Phone Duel stand out from the mainstream masses.

A supreme audio experience

As an audio engineer by trade, I’ve always put great audio at the forefront of my purchasing decisions. Unfortunately the trend in most major smartphones has been to sacrifice audio—like removing the headphone jack—and it hurts my heart. Phones rarely have great speakers and/or DACs. Sure, there are companies like LG who tout quad-DACs and “Crystal Sound OLED” technology, but most phone makers treat audio as lip service. Most people have moved to Bluetooth headphones and prefer slim bezels to big, booming built-in speakers anyway.

Razer Phone 2 Adam Patrick Murray/IDG

Large stereo front-firing speakers are amazing

Then there’s the Asus ROG Phone 3. It (and most gaming phones) packs front-facing stereo speakers that will make your ears quiver. The sound that comes out of the

Facebook, Google, Twitter CEOs agree to testify before Nov. 3 election

Lawmakers have sought to convene the hearing to explore social-media sites’ content-management practices and the future of a federal law, known as Section 230, that spares tech giants from being held liable for the way they police their sites and services.

GOP lawmakers have ramped up their attacks in recent months as tech companies take a more aggressive stand against controversial tweets and posts from President Trump, including his widely debunked comments that seek to cast doubt over the 2020 election. Democrats, meanwhile, widely reject the claims of bias — instead, they fault Facebook, Google and Twitter for failing to crack down against harmful or abusive posts, photos and videos, including viral election disinformation.

A spokesman for Sen. Roger Wicker (Miss.), the Republican chairman of the Commerce Committee, did not respond to a request for comment. The hearing is set to occur virtually, with the tech executives testifying from the west coast.

Facebook confirmed Zuckerberg would attend, and Google did not comment. Twitter confirmed Dorsey’s attendance in a tweet late Friday that urged lawmakers to be “constructive & focused on what matters most to the American people: how we work together to protect elections.”

“Alleged ‘political bias’ remains an unsubstantiated allegation that we have refuted on many occasions to Congress,” the company added. “It has also been widely disproven by independent research. We do not enforce our policies on the basis of political ideology.”

Lawmakers’ hearing also comes as federal regulators continue to scrutinize Facebook and Google for their expansive corporate footprints. The Justice Department could file an antitrust lawsuit against Google as soon as next week, putting Pichai in the congressional hot seat over the government’s findings at the end of October.

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